German Educational System
The German education system is subject to continuous changes and reforms. The main points in recent years have been the reorganization of the Gymnasium. The nine-year education was turned into an eight-year education to get the Abitur. In addition, the school system has changed due to the Bologna reform. The diplomas obtained are now called Baccalaureate and Master’s degree.
Studying in Germany requires the Abitur Graduate Diploma or advanced technical entry qualification to college. Foreign students must show a similar graduate degree. Until now, it has not been possible to build a central organization for the application and allocation of places to the university. Because of this, the applications will still need to be sent to every university or high-tech college.
Admission requirements are also defined by universities. Therefore, they may be different for the same subjects in different universities. In Germany, there are three different types of advanced colleges or universities. Colleges of the arts, film or advanced music offer practical instruction in the arts. Advanced technical colleges however, cover scientific and social subjects. They showcase practical experiences in their education. The third category is called a university. They offer all sorts of subjects. Practical experience is an important point too, but universities have a particular reputation for sound theoretical training.
Another distinction can be made between public and private universities. Public universities are funded by the government and charge little money for fees or tuition fees. Private universities, on the other hand, are funded by fees paid by students and these can be very expensive. In Germany, there are many more public and private universities.German law states that education should be offered to everyone and everyone should be able to obtain adequate education. As a result, in some areas of schooling, fees have been dropped or minimized in other areas. In addition, there are many opportunities to get help from the government, for example Bafög money.
Studies in Germany are, in some respects, more theoretical than in other countries and consist of many lectures by the professor. In the conference, all students in the first year will be present and few practical exercises will be applied to confirm the theoretical part in reality. At the end of each semester, students receive marks for their final exam, speeches, assignments and practical projects. Depending on the subject, the composition of these pieces may be different. Practical education can also be offered for internships which are an obligation in some subjects. For a few weeks or months, students must work in a company and use their theoretical knowledge in real-life situations to gain experience. It’s also a good chance to find a job for active living after college. Graduate degrees from the university are accepted and valued around the world. Education in German universities is considered good. The first degree can be obtained after six to eight terms and will be called Baccalaureate.
The Baccalaureate will be followed by the Master’s degree after another two to four terms. The two degrees require the passing of examinations and the writing of a specific master’s thesis. For subjects of medicine, dentistry, pharmacy and law as well as the degree of teaching, another diploma called the Staats examination is necessary. After the Master’s degree, students may also study their medical degree. Academic education in Germany should provide basic knowledge and theoretical background as well as specific details and practical application. After successful studies, alumni should be able to work successfully in all parts of the workplace.