Education in Germany
In Germany, the general authority for education is the state authorities, and the federal government has little responsibility for education. Depending on the request, kindergarten education is provided for all children between the ages of three and six years, followed by twelve years of compulsory education. In Germany, students score by one to six systems; one is the highest, and the bottom is the lowest or invalid note. Education is not allowed at home in any of the German provinces except that a child is sick or disabled so as to block the attendance of the school. There are also exceptional rulings that foreign families who will live in Germany for a short period of time may be exempted from compulsory education by keeping children in their own language at home. Primary education generally lasts four years (6 in Berlin and Brandenburg) and public schools are not involved in this phase.
In secondary education, there are four types of schools in which trainees can decide according to their abilities: the gymnasium has its most capable students and prepares them for the university; Realschule is a common educational institution for middle-level students; Hauptschule prepares students for vocational training and Gesamtschule or comprehensive school has all three applications in its place. There are also schools called Förderschulen (for people with physical or mental disabilities). Every 21 students are going to Förderschule school.
In order to enter the university, high school students need to pass the Abitur exam successfully; However, students with vocational school diplomas can also apply for entry. A special internship system called Duale Ausbildung allows vocational education students to work in a company while attending their schools. Although Germany has a strong educational system background, recent PISA student assessments show poor performance on current issues. In the test, which was attended by 43 countries in 2000 , Germany was ranked 21st in the literary school, and in both mathematics and natural sciences it ranks 20th, and these reforms were called for reform.